Delivering cognitive therapy to people with psychosis in a community mental health setting: an effectiveness study

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Abstract

Objective

Cognitive therapy (CT) has been shown to be an efficacious treatment for persistent psychotic symptoms. However, there is some debate regarding whether this is transportable to real life clinical settings. This study aimed to evaluate the effectiveness of CT for psychosis in a community mental health team (CMHT) setting.

Method

Patients referred for CT for psychosis were naturalistically allocated (determined by the availability of a therapist) to CT or waiting-list (WL)/treatment-as-usual (TAU). Outcome assessments were performed at WL, pre-CT, post-CT and 1-year follow-up. Data from 59 patients were analysed.

Results

Random effects regression analyses showed there was a significant improvement, attributable to CT, on most outcome measures, and that many of the symptomatic improvements were maintained at follow-up. Wilcoxon signed ranks tests indicated that there was a significant reduction in psychiatric hospital use following CT.

Conclusion

These results confirm that CT is an effective treatment for psychosis that is generalizable to a community setting.

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