Comparative effects of polyphenols from green tea (EGCG) and soybean (genistein) on VEGF and IL-8 release from normal human keratinocytes stimulated with the proinflammatory cytokine TNFα

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In skin inflammation, vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) and IL-8 play an important role and are produced by activated keratinocytes. Recently, some polyphenols have been reported to exhibit antiinflammatory and antiangiogenic properties. We therefore evaluated the effects of green tea, its major component epigallocatechin-3-gallate (EGCG) and an isoflavone derived from soybean (genistein) on the release of VEGF and IL-8 by activated normal human keratinocytes (NHK). NHK cultured in defined medium were stimulated for 48 h with the proinflammatory cytokine TNFα with the addition or not of different concentrations of polyphenols. Levels of VEGF and IL-8 were measured in cell supernatants by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assays. The different constituents tested inhibited keratinocyte proliferation without inducing apoptosis. They reduced in a dose-dependent manner the basal release and the upregulation of VEGF in NHK. Green tea and EGCG were also potent inhibitors of IL-8 release by TNFα-stimulated NHK, whereas genistein exerted only minor effects. These results underline the divergent pathways involved in the downregulation of VEGF and IL-8 by polyphenols in activated keratinocytes. They also suggest that polyphenols may contribute to moderate inflammatory processes in skin diseases associated with angiogenesis.

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