High sensitivity and reproducibility of immunohistochemistry with microagitation

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We examined the practicability, reproducibility and analytical sensitivity of classical immunohistochemistry (IHC) and IHC with microagitation. Two monoclonal antibodies, Ki-67 (proliferation marker) and p53 (tumor suppressor marker), were used. Consecutive paraffin sections of biopsies of suspicious lesions of patients with non-melanoma skin cancer were used in the study. Reproducibility was examined using specimens from four patients in three independent experiments with antibodies against Ki-67 and p53. Analytical sensitivity of the two methods was determined using serial dilutions in two independent experiments. IHC with microagitation could be carried out without destroying the tissue. The new technique was consistent and reproducible, and no background staining was observed. The primary antibodies Ki-67 and p53 could be used at higher dilutions (four to ten times) with microagitation compared with classical IHC. Microagitation can be used for immunohistochemistry; it was reproducible, highly sensitive, and antibodies could be used at higher dilutions. Further analyses with other antibodies using this technique are warranted.

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