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Urine samples are commonly collected from young children to diagnose or exclude urinary tract infections, but collection from precontinent children is challenging. Each collection method has advantages and limitations. Non-invasive methods (urine pads, bags, clean catch) are convenient but can be time-consuming and are limited by sample contamination. Voiding stimulation methods (bladder-lumbar stimulation, Quick-Wee) can expedite clean catch collection. Invasive methods (catheter, suprapubic aspiration) can be more reliable, but require expertise to perform and cause pain for the child. This article reviews each collection method, and describes collection procedures, indications and strategies to optimise success and reduce contamination.