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The presence of γ-butyrolactone autoregulators and their receptor proteins were investigated in five representative strains of non- Streptomyces actinomycetes producing commercially important secondary metabolites. Ethyl acetate extracts of culture were assayed using wild-type S. virginiae for virginiae butanolide, S. lavendulae FRI-5 for IM-2, and S. griseus HH1 for A-factor. Actinoplanes teichomyceticus and Amycolatopsis mediterranei were shown to produce autoregulators. Corresponding autoregulator-binding activities were found in the crude cell-free lysates of these strains, using the binding assay with tritium-labeled autoregulator analogues as ligands, which suggests that non- Streptomyces actinomycetes might have autoregulator-dependent signaling cascades.