Intraoperative diagnosis of mitral valve endocarditis secondary toPaenibacillus provencensis

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We report the first case of infective endocarditis caused by Paenibacillus provencensis. A mitral valve vegetation was incidentally discovered by intraoperative transoesophageal echocardiography in a 70-year-old woman undergoing aortic valve replacement. The precise identification of the causative agent was by means of genotypic characterisation with 16S rDNA gene sequencing. The patient was successfully treated with a 6-week course of antibiotics postoperatively, following debridement of the valve vegetation.

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