An unusual haemorrhagic complication of an anastomotic leak and a novel method of controlling the haemorrhage

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Abstract

INTRODUCTION

Restorative proctocolectomy (RP) is undertaken for patients with familial adenomatous polyposis (FAP) and ulcerative colitis, but is associated with a risk of anastomotic leak.

CASE HISTORY

A 20-year-old male with a family history of FAP had a RP with a double-stapled J-pouch and covering loop ileostomy. At ileostomy reversal 21 months later, he presented with significant anal bleeding. He proceeded to theatre for endoscopy. Pouchoscopy showed a pouch full of blood and a foreign object trapped in a diverticulum. The foreign object (an undigested tablet) was removed with grasping forceps and the bleeding spot identified. Hemospray® (Cook Medical, Winston-Salem, NC, USA) was deployed in the bleeding cavity to enable immediate control of haemorrhage. Recovery was uneventful and he was discharged home 72 hours later.

CONCLUSIONS

This case: (i) demonstrates a successful and novel method of controlling haemorrhage not amenable to use of conventional haemostatic mechanisms; (ii) highlights the potential problems of using prolonged-release medications in patients with gastrointestinal strictures/diverticulae.

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