Successful endoscopic management of a persistent bronchobiliary fistula with Histoacryl®/Lipiodol® mixture

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INTRODUCTIONA bronchobiliary fistula (BBF) following liver directed therapy (resection/ablation) is a rare complication in which an abnormal communication between the biliary tract and bronchial tree is formed. This case report describes the successful management of a persistent BBF following multiple liver wedge resections and microwave ablation in a patient with a metastatic neuroendocrine tumour of the terminal ileum.CASE HISTORYA 69-year-old man presented with unexplained weight loss and was subsequently diagnosed with a neuroendocrine tumour of the terminal ileum and liver metastasis. Following elective right hemicolectomy and multiple bilobar liver wedge resections combined with liver microwave ablation, he developed an early bile leak. A month later, a right subphrenic collection was identified and four months following surgery, biloptysis was noted. Numerous attempts with endoscopic retrograde biliary drainage (ERBD) failed to achieve sufficient drainage. The patient was treated successfully with endoscopic injection of a mixture of Histoacryl® glue (B Braun, Sheffield, UK) and Lipiodol® (Guerbet, Solihull, UK). There was no evidence of the BBF one year following intervention.CONCLUSIONSThis novel approach for persistent BBF management using endoscopic Histoacryl® glue embolisation of the fistula tract should be considered either as an adjunct to ERBD or when biliary tract decompression by drainage and/or sphincterotomy fails, prior to proceeding with surgical interventions.

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