To quantify the percentage of apoptotic peripheral blood neutrophils in systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) and to determine the relations with disease activity and neutropenia.Methods
Neutrophil apoptosis in SLE patients (n =50) was assessed by flow cytometry using annexin V binding and fluorescent labelled anti-fas. Rheumatoid arthritis (RA, n =20) and inflammatory bowel disease patients (IBD, n =20) were studied as disease controls.Results
The percentage of apoptotic neutrophils, determined by annexin V binding, was increased in peripheral blood of SLE patients (median = 3.25%) compared with normal healthy donors (n =20, median = 1.20%) and disease controls (RA: median = 1.15%) (IBD: median = 1.15%). SLE neutrophil apoptosis correlated positively with lupus disease activity measured by SLAM score. SLE patients with increased antibodies to dsDNA (>10 mg/ml) had increased apoptotic neutrophils. Eight of 14 neutropenic SLE patients had increased apoptotic neutrophils. Increased neutrophil fas expression compared with normal controls was observed in SLE, RA, and IBD.Conclusion
Neutrophil fas expression is increased non-specifically in inflammatory disease. Increased circulating apoptotic neutrophils in SLE correlate positively with disease activity (SLAM) and may contribute to autoantigen excess including dsDNA.