To determine at the phenotypic, functional, and transcriptional levels whether abatacept, a CTLA-4Ig molecule that binds with high affinity to CD80/86 on antigen-presenting cells (APCs) and is used to treat rheumatoid arthritis, induces a state of immunologic tolerance in T cells and dendritic cells in mice.Methods.
We investigated the capacity of abatacept to regulate the development of antigen-specific immunologic tolerance in vivo using murine models of priming and tolerance to generate highly purified antigen-specific T cell populations and CD11c+ APCs. These were combined with detailed immunologic and full genome transcriptional analyses.Results.
We found that abatacept inhibited T cell activation, but did not render T cells anergic or lead to the generation of Treg cells. However, it induced a sustained inhibition of T cell activation due to the inability of these cells to progress through the cell cycle following T cell receptor stimulation. We also observed that this state was accompanied by an inhibition of dendritic cell activation due to their reduced licensing by T cells.Conclusion.
This study provides detailed insight into the mode of action of abatacept, demonstrating that its effectiveness is not due to the induction of T cell tolerance, but rather to a sustained inhibition of T cell activation that results in reduced functionality of APCs, with significant implications for its clinical application.