We examined platelet functions in 4 unrelated patients with filaminopathy A caused by dominant mutations of the X-linked filamin A (FLNA) gene.Methods and Results—
Patients P1, P2, and P4 exhibited periventricular nodular heterotopia, heterozygozity for truncating FLNA mutations, and thrombocytopenia (except P2). P3 exhibited isolated thrombocytopenia and heterozygozity for a p.Glu1803Lys FLNA mutation. Truncated FLNa was undetectable by Western blotting of P1, P2, and P4 platelets, but full-length FLNa was detected at 37%, 82%, and 57% of control, respectively. P3 FLNa (p.Glu1803Lys and full-length) was assessed at 79%. All patients exhibited a platelet subpopulation negative for FLNa. Platelet aggregation, secretion, glycoprotein VI signaling, and thrombus growth on collagen were decreased for P1, P3, and P4, but normal for P2. For the 2 patients analyzed (P1 and P4), spreading was enhanced and, more markedly, in FLNa-negative platelets, suggesting that FLNa negatively regulates cytoskeleton reorganization. Platelet adhesion to von Willebrand factor under flow correlated with platelet full-length FLNa content: markedly reduced for P1 and P4 and unchanged for P2. Interestingly, von Willebrand factor flow adhesion was increased for P3, consistent with a gain-of-function effect enhancing glycoprotein Ib-IX-V/von Willebrand factor interaction. These results are consistent with a positive role for FLNa in platelet adhesion under high shear.Conclusion—
FLNA mutation heterogeneity correlates with different platelet functional impacts and points to opposite regulatory roles of FLNa in spreading and flow adhesion under shear.