FOLFOX+Nab-Paclitaxel (FOLFOX-A) for Advanced Pancreatic Cancer: A Brown University Oncology Research Group Phase I Study


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Abstract

Background:The Brown University Oncology Research Group performed a phase I study to remove irinotecan from FOLFIRINOX (5-fluorouracil, oxaliplatin, irinotecan, and leucovorin) and substitute nab-paclitaxel.Methods:Patients with newly diagnosed advanced pancreatic adenocarcinoma were eligible. Patients received oxaliplatin 85 mg/m2, leucovorin 400 mg/m2, and 5-fluorouracil 2400 mg/m2 with 3 dose levels of nab-paclitaxel (125, 150, and 175 mg/m2) every 2 weeks. Dose-limiting toxicities were assessed in the first 2 cycles of treatment. The final dose level was expanded to assess cumulative neurotoxicity.Results:Thirty-five patients were entered; 24 with metastatic and 11 with locally advanced pancreatic cancer. The maximum tolerated dose of nab-paclitaxel was 150 mg/m2 every 2 weeks with FOLFOX. Cumulative neuropathy was the most important toxicity. Grade 3 neuropathy developed in 2 of the first 6 patients at 10 and 11 cycles of FOLFOX-A. Following an amendment to reduce oxaliplatin to 65 mg/m2 if grade 2 neuropathy developed, no additional patients developed grade 3 neurotoxicity. Twenty-one of 35 patients (60%) had a partial response. The median survival for patients with metastatic disease was 15 months.Conclusions:The maximum tolerated dose of nab-paclitaxel is 150 mg/m2 every 2 weeks with FOLFOX. The regimen of FOLFOX-A represents a promising treatment for pancreatic cancer.

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