Three-Dimensional Transesophageal Echocardiography Is a Major Advance for Intraoperative Clinical Management of Patients Undergoing Cardiac Surgery: A Core Review

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Echocardiography is a key assessment tool for the evaluation of cardiac structure and function. The ability to image cardiac structures using 3-dimensional (3D) echocardiography is evolving. In this article, we present some of the key features of the emerging 3D technology and review its applications with an emphasis on real-time 3D transesophageal echocardiography.

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