|| Checking for direct PDF access through Ovid
To evaluate cosmesis, body image, pain, and quality of life (QoL) after single-port laparoscopic cholecystectomy (SPLC) versus conventional 4-port laparoscopic cholecystectomy (4PLC).The impact of SPLC on improving cosmesis, body image, pain, and QoL has not been evaluated in double-blinded randomized controlled trials (RCT). This approach therefore remains controversial.Between October 2011 and February 2014, 110 patients from 2 centers were randomly assigned to SPLC (n = 55) or 4PLC (n = 55). Primary endpoints were a validated cosmesis (3–24 points) and body image (5–20 points) score after 3 and 12 months. Secondary endpoints included operative duration, postoperative pain, complications, QoL, and length of hospital stay. Patients, physicians, and nurses were blinded until the seventh postoperative day.Demographics were equally distributed between both groups (mean age: 46 years, SD: 14, 62 females, 34 males). The SPLC-group showed superior mean cosmesis and body image compared with the 4PLC-group at 12-weeks (21 vs 16, P < 0.001 and 5 vs 6, P = 0.013, respectively) and at 1-year (24 vs 16, P < 0.001 and 5 vs 6, P < 0.017, respectively). Operation duration was longer in the SPLC-group (mean 101 vs 90 minutes, p = 0.031). Although postoperative pain was less in the SPLC-group (mean VAS 1 vs 2, p = 0.005), there were no differences in complications, and length of hospital-stay.This is the first multicenter double-blinded RCT reporting superior short- and long-term cosmetic and body image, postoperative pain, and QoL in SPLC compared with 4PLC. Although cost-effectiveness is still a subject of ongoing debate, SPLC should be offered to patients undergoing surgery for benign gallbladder disease.