Cyclic vomiting syndrome in South-East Asian children

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Objective:To describe the clinical features, management and outcome of children with cyclic vomiting syndrome (CVS) from South-East Asia.Methodology:Retrospective review of all children who fulfilled the diagnostic criteria of CVS and who were seen at Department of Paediatrics, University of Malaya Medical Centre, Kuala Lumpur and Paediatric Unit, Penang Hospital, Penang, Malaysia from 1987 to 1997.Results:Eight children with CVS were seen at the two units during the study period, five girls and three boys. All had cyclical, self-limited episodes of nausea and vomiting with symptom-free intervals. The mean age of onset was 5.9 years. The clinical features were similar to other series described in the literature. Only two of the eight children were described as 'perfectionist'. Two children identified stress as precipitating factors. Therapy to reduce the number of emeses during acute attacks and to prevent subsequent attacks had been ineffective.Conclusion:There are similarities and differences in CVS from South-East Asian children as compared to those described in the literature.

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