Effect of palonosetron on the QTc interval in patients undergoing sevoflurane anaesthesia


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Abstract

BackgroundPalonosetron is a recently introduced 5-HT3 receptor antagonist for postoperative nausea and vomiting. Detailed standardized evaluation of corrected QT (QTc) interval change by palonosetron under sevoflurane anaesthesia is lacking. We evaluated QTc intervals in patients who are undergoing surgery with sevoflurane anaesthesia and receive palonosetron.MethodsOur study included 100 patients who were undergoing elective surgery under sevoflurane anaesthesia. The patients were randomly assigned to two groups: those who received an i.v. injection of palonosetron 0.075 mg immediately before induction of anaesthesia (pre-surgery group, n=50) and those who received it after surgery in the recovery room (post-surgery group, n=50). QTc intervals were measured before operation, intraoperatively (baseline, immediately after tracheal intubation, and at 2, 10, 15, 30, 60, and 90 min after administration of palonosetron or placebo), and after operation (before and at 3, and 10 min after administration of palonosetron or placebo). QTc intervals were calculated using Fridericia's, Bazett's, or Hodges formulas.ResultsThe perioperative QTc intervals were significantly increased from the baseline values, but were not affected by the pre- or post-surgical timing of palonosetron administration.ConclusionsThere was no significant difference in the QTc intervals during the perioperative period, whether 0.075 mg of palonosetron is administered before or after sevoflurane anaesthesia. Palonosetron may be safe in terms of QTc intervals during sevoflurane anaesthesia.Clinical trial registrationClinicalTrials.gov: NCT01650961.

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