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In six patients, operations for bilateral carpal tunnel syndromes (CTS) were performed or were about to be performed without the awareness of the presence of underlying cervical spondylostenosis. Only later, when symptoms of myeloradiculopathy were recognized, was the diagnosis confirmed and decompressive laminectomy performed. Because the symptoms of CTS may resemble or be masked and accentuated by the cervical disorder, patients with the presumed diagnosis of bilateral CTS should undergo appropriate critical neurologic, electrodiagnostic, and neuroradiologic (magnetic resonance imaging, computed tomography, myelo-computed tomography) assessment. If these guidelines are followed, the radiculopathy caused by cervical pathology will be appropriately recognized and treated, possibly averting the need for carpal tunnel decompression or modifying treatment.