|| Checking for direct PDF access through Ovid
A 67-year-old woman underwent 18F-FDG PET/CT after developing a fever of unknown origin. PET/CT revealed intensive FDG uptake at the nasal and lung lesions. On the laboratory data, serum myeloperoxidase antineutrophil cytoplasmic antibodies (ANCA) titer was elevated, although serum directed against proteinase 3 (PR3) ANCA titer was within normal limits. One month after treatment, follow-up PET/CT revealed decreased FDG uptake at the lesions. One year later, serum PR3-ANCA titer elevated, which finally led to a diagnosis of Wegener granulomatosis (WG). WG lesions may be detected earlier by FDG PET/CT than by serum PR3-ANCA titers.