Comparison of hemodynamic, pulmonary, and renal effects of use of three types of fluids after major surgical procedures on the abdominal aorta

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Hemodynamic, pulmonary, and renal variables were measured in 24 patients scheduled for major abdominal aortic operations. Control values were obtained before preoperative medications were given. All patients received 5% dextrose in Lactated Ringer's solution intraoperatively. Postoperatively, group 1 patients received 5% dextrose in water plus albumin, group 2 received 5% dextrose in 0.45 sodium chloride solution, and group 3 received 5% dextrose in lactated Ringer's solution. There were significant increases in Qs/Qt and AaDO2, 48 hours after operation in group 3. Oxygen consumption and cardiac output increased in all groups 24 hours after operation. Twenty-four hours later, these two variables returned to control values in group 1 but continued to rise in the other two groups. Significant diuresis occurred in group 1, 48 hours postoperatively, whereas the other two groups continued to retain water. Use of albumin and 5% dextrose in water in the postoperative period seemed to produce less deviations from control values of most measured variables, than the other two groups.

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