Long-term Results After Stapled Hemorrhoidopexy: A Prospective Study With a 6-Year Follow-up


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Abstract

BACKGROUND:Stapled hemorrhoidopexy was introduced in 1998 as a new technique for treating advanced hemorrhoidal disease. Despite a clear perioperative advantage regarding pain and patient comfort, literature reviews indicate a higher recurrence rate for stapled hemorrhoidopexy than for conventional techniques.OBJECTIVE:Our aim was to present long-term on the use of this technique.DESIGN:Observational study.SETTING AND PATIENTS:Consecutive patients with hemorrhoid prolapse treated at a regional surgical center from May 27, 1999, through December 31, 2003.INTERVENTION:Stapled hemorrhoidopexy with accompanying resection of residual hemorrhoidal nodules if necessary.MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES:Standardized patient questionnaire regarding satisfaction, resolution of symptoms, and performance of further interventions.RESULTS:Of 257 patients (82 female, 175 male, mean age 53 ± 13 years) undergoing stapled hemorrhoidopexy, follow-up data were available for 224 patients (87.2%) with a mean duration of 6.3 ± 1.2 years. Of these, 195 patients (87.1%) were satisfied or very satisfied with the operation outcome; 19 patients (8.5%) were moderately satisfied; and 10 (4.5%) were not satisfied. Regarding preoperative anal symptoms, complete relief was observed in 179 patients (80.6%) for prolapse, 172 (77.5%) for bleeding, 139 (85.3%) for mucus discharge, 139 (78.5%) for burning sensation, and 115 (75.5%) for itching. Considering all recorded symptoms, 194 patients (86.6%) reported absence and or an improvement at follow-up. Twelve patients (5.4%) reported newly developed incontinence in the sense of urge symptoms; 42 patients out of 51 patients (82.4%) with preexisting incontinence reported an improvement. Local or topical retreatment (ointment, suppositories, sclerotherapy) was performed in 48 patients (21.4%). Reoperation for residual or newly developed hemorrhoidal nodules was needed in 8 patients (3.6%).LIMITATIONS:Lack of a comparative group.CONCLUSION:Our long-term results show that this strategy for stapled hemorrhoidopexy can achieve a high level of patient satisfaction and symptom control, with a low rate of reoperation for recurrent hemorrhoidal symptoms.

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