Risk of Sexual Dysfunction in a Randomly Selected Nonclinical Sample of the Swedish Population

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OBJECTIVE:To investigate the risk of sexual dysfunction as a result of childhood sexual abuse or sexual assault in a randomly selected nonclinical sample of men and women.METHODS:In 1996, a randomly selected sample of 2,810 Swedish males and females completed a 322-item interview and questionnaire. Age-adjusted odds ratios (ORs) were calculated to assess risk of sexual dysfunction and analysis of variance was employed to test differences by gender and abuse or assault history in regard to seeking assistance for sexual dysfunction.RESULTS:For females with a history of childhood sexual abuse, an increased risk of anorgasmia for more than 12 months was found for women aged between 31 and 45 years (OR 1.21, P=.009). For females with a history of sexual assault; an increased risk for hypoactive sexual desire disorder was found for women who between the ages of 16 and 30 years (OR 1.51, P=.03), 31 and 45 years (OR 1.28; P=.02), 46 and 60 years (OR 1.21, P=.03), and 61 and 84 years (OR 1.62, P=.04); lubrication problems in the past year for women between 46 and 60 years (OR 1.28, P=.02) and for more than 12 months (OR 1.38, P=.02). No statistically significant increased risk of sexual dysfunction was found for males with a history of childhood sexual abuse. Males who reported a history of sexual assault as an adult had a significant increased risk of retarded ejaculation in the last 12 months if they were between the ages of 31 and 45 years (OR 2.00, P=.008) or 46 and 60 years (OR 2.11, P=.02). Women most often reported sexual dysfunction to their gynecologists (18%) or midwives (8.4%), whereas men reported their sexual dysfunction to their physicians (5.6%) or urologists (4.3%).CONCLUSION:Future research should focus on predictors of sexual dysfunction and resilience subsequent to childhood sexual abuse and sexual assault as an adult.LEVEL OF EVIDENCE:III

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