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Questions concerning stump, phantom and other pain problems as well as demographic data were mailed to 5000 Americans whose amputations were connected with military service. Fifty-five percent responded and of these, 78% reported phantom pain. No predisposing factors, other than presence of stump pain, correlated with the presence or severity of phantom pain. Of those receiving treatment, only 1% reported lasting benefits from any of a multitude of treatments attempted.