Tubulopathy Consecutive to Tenofovir-containing Antiretroviral Therapy in Two Patients Infected with Human Immunodeficiency Virus-1

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Tenofovir disopril fumarate, a new nucleotide analogue against human immunodeficiency virus-1 (HIV-1), can induce hypophosphataemia, the mechanism of which is unclear. Moreover, a renal tubulopathy can occur in long-term treated patients, as observed in 2 HIV-1-infected patients after 12 months of tenofovir therapy, with polyuria–polydipsia, proteinuria, glycosuria and amino-aciduria, which resolved after discontinuation of tenofovir. The risk of renal tubulopathy symptoms in patients on long-term tenofovir therapy should be noted.

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