Abdominal Wall Reconstruction After Temporary Abdominal Wall Closure in Trauma Patients


    loading  Checking for direct PDF access through Ovid

Abstract

We retrospectively analyzed 36 patients requiring temporary abdominal wall closure on admission to a level I trauma center from 1988 to 1992. There were 10 deaths (28%) in the study population. Of the 26 survivors, 8 patients (31%) had primary fascial closure at initial hospitalization, whereas 18 patients (69%) required split-thickness skin grafting to visceral granulation tissue. Of these 18 patients, 13 have had ventral herniorrhaphy at subsequent admission. Eight of these patients had primary fascial closure, 4 required primary fascial approximation with prosthetic onlay reinforcement, and 1 required multiple operations including prosthetic reconstruction and eventual complex tissue transfer. Complications occurred in 3 patients (14%) and included two wound seromas, which were drained nonoperatively, and a wound infection necessitating removal of prosthetic material and subsequent reconstruction with complex tissue transfer. Follow-up reveals no recurrent hernia at 24 months. Abdominal wall reconstruction after temporary closure can be done safely and promptly, with good functional and esthetic results.

    loading  Loading Related Articles