Smoking Cessation Counseling Practices: A Survey of Alabama Obstetrician-Gynecologists


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Abstract

Background.Minimal interventions delivered by obstetrician-gynecologists (OB-GYNs) to their pregnant patients who smoke could result in a substantial decrease in smoking during pregnancy. We examined performance and motivation levels of Alabama OB-GYNs for engaging in clinical practices based on National Cancer Institute (NCI) guidelines.Methods.Questionnaires assessing attitudes, intentions, and behaviors specified by the NCI's “4-A” model (ask, advise, assist, and arrange follow-up) were mailed to all OB-GYNs licensed in Alabama.Results.A total of 130 physicians completed the questionnaire. Nearly all reported that they ask (93%) and advise (90%) their patients who smoke to quit; however, significantly fewer reported that they assist (28%) or arrange follow-up (24%) with their pregnant patients.Conclusions.Interventions are needed to motivate, support, and guide OB-GYN physicians to assist and follow-up with their pregnant patients who smoke.

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