Evaluation of a Fast Track Unit: Alignment of Resources and Demand Results in Improved Satisfaction and Decreased Length of Stay for Emergency Department Patients

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BackgroundEmergency departments (EDs) are struggling with overcrowding. The Institute for Healthcare Improvement recently concluded that reducing delays is critical to improving all aspects of emergency care. To reduce cycle times and improve patient flow, we developed a separate stream of care focused on low-acuity patients in our academic ED.MethodsStrict triage criteria were developed, and patients were seen by a physician's assistant in a dedicated section of the ED. Two anonymous surveys (patient and staff) and a time cycle analysis were performed before and after the intervention.ResultsEighty-seven preintervention patient surveys (response rate = 60%) and 91 postintervention surveys (response rate = 79%) were collected. Demographic data were comparable. All domains of patient satisfaction were significantly improved in the postintervention group and were correlated with the length of stay that decreased from 127 to 53 minutes (P < .001).ConclusionsThis study supports an emphasis on improving turnaround time as a primary driver of satisfaction, and demonstrates that a simple intervention characterized by focusing existing resources on the needs of a specific population can significantly improve health care delivery. Thoughtful alignment of resources with the needs of specific patient populations should similarly streamline care in other clinical settings.

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