Association Between 100% Juice Consumption and Nutrient Intake and Weight of Children Aged 2 to 11 Years


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Abstract

ObjectiveTo investigate the associations between 4 categories of daily 100% juice consumption (0 fl oz, > 0 to ≤ 6 fl oz; > 6 to < 12 fl oz; and ≥ 12 fl oz) and nutrient and food group intake and weight in children.DesignCross-sectional study.SettingSecondary analysis of the 1999–2002 National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey data.ParticipantsChildren 2 to 11 years of age (N = 3618).Main ExposureJuice consumption.Outcome MeasuresThe association between juice consumption, nutrient intake, food group consumption, and weight status was determined as was the likelihood of overweight with juice consumption.ResultsMean daily juice consumption was 4.1 fl oz, which contributed a mean intake of 58 kcal (3.3% of total energy intake). Compared with nonconsumers, the overall nutritional profile of those consuming 100% juice had significantly higher intakes of energy, carbohydrates, vitamins C and B6, potassium, riboflavin, magnesium, iron, and folate and significantly lower intakes of total fat, saturated fatty acids, discretionary fat, and added sugar. Children consuming 100% juice also consumed significantly more servings of total whole fruit than nonconsumers. No significant differences were found in weight status and the amounts of 100% juice consumed. There was no difference in the likelihood of being overweight between juice consumers and nonconsumers.ConclusionsOn average, children consumed less than the maximum amounts of 100% juice recommended by the American Academy of Pediatrics. One hundred percent juice consumption was associated with better nutrient intake than in the nonconsumption group and was not associated with weight status or the likelihood of being overweight in children 2 to 11 years of age.

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