Tibial Plafond Fractures: Changing Principles of Treatment


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Abstract

Tibial plafond fractures from axial loading are high-energy injuries with significant associated soft-tissue damage. New classification methods include detailed anatomic subgroupings and highlight the soft-tissue injury. The traditional treatment of this intraarticular fracture with open reduction and internal fixation resulted in high rates of wound breakdown and infection. Treatment of these complications is lengthy and costly and not infrequently results in a poor outcome. Newer techniques using external fixation minimize disturbance of the soft-tissue envelope and have decreased these complications. Because the longterm outcome with all techniques is variable and often depends on factors beyond the surgeon's control, it is particularly important to avoid complications of initial treatment. Longer follow-up will determine whether patients treated with these techniques have a different rate of arthrosis.

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