Impact of Obesity on Perioperative Outcomes of Minimally Invasive Esophagectomy

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BackgroundAbnormal body mass index has been targeted as a predictor of complications after major surgery. The aim of this study was to review the impact of obesity on perioperative outcomes after minimally invasive esophagectomy.MethodsThis study was a single-institution retrospective review of patients undergoing minimally invasive esophagectomy for high-grade dysplasia or cancer of the esophagus between 1999 and 2004. A body mass index of 30 or greater was considered obese. Patients with a body mass index less than 18.5 were excluded because of the potentially adverse effects of malnutrition on outcomes.ResultsA total of 282 eligible patients were identified. There were 84 obese and 198 nonobese patients (mean body mass index = 34.5 versus 25.5; p < 0.0001). Preoperative demographics, comorbidities, and cancer status were similar, except for a higher prevalence of diabetes (p = 0.002), lower prevalence of peripheral vascular disease (p = 0.045), and lower prevalence of stage III disease in the obese group (p = 0.044). Operative time was significantly longer in obese patients (375 versus 301 minutes; p = 0.0001), and estimated blood loss was similar (433 versus 377 mL, obese versus nonobese, respectively). There were 5 (1.8%) overall 30-day perioperative mortalities, with no differences between the groups. Overall major (obese, 23 [27.5%] versus nonobese, 68 [34.3%]) and minor (obese, 23 [27.5%] versus nonobese, 65 [32.8%]) complication rates were also similar. Furthermore, there were no significant differences in any individual complications. There was no difference in median intensive care unit stay (obese, 1 day versus nonobese, 2 days) or overall hospital stay (obese, 7 days versus nonobese, 8 days).ConclusionsObesity was associated with longer operative times. Our review suggests that obesity is not a risk factor for mortality, postoperative complications, or length of hospitalization after minimally invasive esophagectomy.

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