Human Herpesvirus 8: Seroepidemiology among Women and Detection in the Genital Tract of Seropositive Women


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Abstract

An indirect IFA to detect antibodies against latent nuclear antigens of human herpesvirus 8 (HHV-8) was used to determine the prevalence of HHV-8 antibodies in 169 women attending a sexually transmitted diseases clinic and a human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) clinic at a London hospital. Nested polymerase chain reaction was used to detect HHV-8 DNA in 93 blood samples and 89 cervical brush scrapes (CBS). Another 96 CBS from women attending a colposcopy clinic were also analyzed. The overall seroprevalence of HHV-8 was 18.3%. The seroprevalence was higher among women born in Africa (24.7%) than among women born elsewhere (11.5%; P = .06) and was independent of HIV serostatus. HHV-8 DNA was detected in 3 CBS and 6 peripheral blood samples from 11 HHV-8—seropositive women but not in CBS from 78 seronegative women, 96 women from the colposcopy clinic, or in blood samples from 82 seronegative women.

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