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Data from the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey, 2009–2010, indicated that the prevalence of human papillomavirus (HPV) infection among women was 42.7% in the cervix and 3.8% in the oral cavity. The prevalence of oral HPV infection was 5-fold higher among women with than among those without cervical HPV infection (7.0% vs 1.4%; prevalence ratio, 4.9 [95% confidence interval, 2.7–8.7]). Among the 3% of women with HPV detected at both sites, complete type concordance was detected in 6.6%, and partial agreement was detected in 37.7%. These data suggest that HPV infections at these 2 sites are not independent, although type-specific concordance is low.