Phacoemulsification Versus Manual Small Incision Cataract Surgery in Patients With Fuchs Heterochromic Iridocyclitis


    loading  Checking for direct PDF access through Ovid

Abstract

PurposeTo compare the safety and efficacy of phacoemulsification and manual small incision cataract surgery (SICS) to treat cataract in patients with Fuchs heterochromic iridocyclitis (FHI).DesignA randomized, double-masked, prospective, multicenter study.MethodsConsecutive patients with cataract after FHI were randomly assigned to have phacoemulsification or manual SICS by 1 of 2 surgeons experienced in both techniques. Complications (intraoperatively and postoperatively), operative time, visual acuities, endothelial cell counts, and surgically induced astigmatism were compared.ResultsAt 6 months, 65 (92.8%) patients in the phacoemulsification group and 70 (92.1%) in the manual SICS group had a corrected distance visual acuity of 20/63 or better (P = 0.974). Surgical time was significantly shorter in the SICS group (11.2 ± 2.4 minutes) than in the phacoemulsification group (14.2 ± 3.1 minutes) (P < 0.001). The mean surgically induced astigmatism was 0.8 ± 0.2 diopters (D) in the phacoemulsification group and 1.16 ± 0.2 D in the SICS group (P < 0.001). Endothelial cell counts at 1 week and at 6 months did not differ significantly in the phacoemulsification and SICS groups (t test; P = 0.133 and P = 0.032, respectively). Intraoperatively, 2 (3%) eyes randomized to receive phacoemulsification and 4 (5.3%) eyes randomized to receive SICS had posterior capsular rent (P = 0.465).ConclusionsBoth techniques achieved good visual outcomes with low rates of complications. Manual SICS may be a viable alternative for cataract management in patients with FHI in settings with limited access to phacoemulsification.

    loading  Loading Related Articles