Impact of Concomitant Mitral Valve Surgery With LVAD Placement: Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis

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The aim of this systematic review and meta-analysis was to evaluate the outcomes of concomitant mitral valve surgery for significant preexisting mitral regurgitation (MR) in patients undergoing continuous-flow left ventricular assist device (CF-LVAD) implantation. Electronic search was performed to identify all studies in the English literature examining concurrent mitral valve surgery in patients with CF-LVAD implantation. Identified articles were systematically assessed for inclusion and exclusion criteria. Of 2319 studies identified, 8 studies were included. Among 445 patients with moderate to severe or severe MR, 113 (25.4%) patients received concurrent mitral valvular intervention during CF-LVAD implantation. There were no significant differences in cardiopulmonary bypass time (MR Surgery 154 min vs. no MR Surgery 119 min, P = 0.64) or hospital length of stay (MR Surgery 21 days vs. no MR Surgery 18 days, P = 0.93). On follow-up, there were no significant differences in freedom from greater than moderate MR (MR Surgery 100% vs. no MR Surgery 74%, P = 0.12) or left ventricular end-diastolic diameter (MR Surgery: 60 mm vs. no MR Surgery 65 mm, P = 0.51). Survival was comparable at 6-months (MR Surgery 77% vs. no MR Surgery 81%, P = 0.75), 1-year (MR Surgery 72% vs. no MR Surgery 80%, P = 0.36), and 2-years of follow-up (MR Surgery 65% vs. no MR Surgery 70%, P = 0.56). The results of our systematic review and meta-analysis of 8 studies consisting of 445 patients demonstrates that the addition of mitral valve intervention to CF-LVAD implantation appears to be safe with comparable survival to those undergoing CF-LVAD implantation alone. Large prospective randomized clinical trials are needed to elucidate whether concomitant mitral valve intervention during CF-LVAD implantation in patients with severe MR is necessary.

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