Automated Measurement and Frequency Analysis of the Pneumocardiogram

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The flow pneumocardiogram (PnCG), ie, measurement of cardiogenic gas movement in and out of the lung during apnea, was transduced by an in-line, high-gain pneumotachograph. A portion of the differentiated PnCG, the dPn/dt IJ wave, has been shown previously to correlate closely with left ventricular function. A simple analog device was designed and tested to measure the dPn/dt IJ amplitude on a practical beat-to-beat basis. Frequency-power spectral analysis showed the PnCG to be a low frequency phenomenon with the systolic component in the 9-to-10-Hz range. Appropriate band-pass filtering of the PnCG and its applicability as an intraoperative monitoring device are presented.

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