Pulmonary Arterial and Right Ventricular Responses to Prophylactic Albumin Administration Before Aortic Unclamping During Abdominal Aortic Aneurysmectomy

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During abdominal aortic aneurysmectomy (AAAectomy) and before aortic unclamping (XU), we studied the effects of albumin administration on pulmonary arterial and right ventricular responses in 39 anesthetized patients using a modified thermodilution technique.Group 1 patients (n = 18) were given no extra IV fluids. Group 2 patients (n = 21) were given additional albumin administration (5% albumin at 10 mL/kg) before XU. After XU, mean arterial blood pressure (MAP) decreased significantly in each group, and MAP and stroke volume index (SVI) were not significantly higher in Group 2 than in Group 1. At 5 min after XU, the patients in Group 2 had a higher mean pulmonary arterial pressure and pulmonary vascular resistance index and a lower right ventricular ejection fraction than those in Group 1 (P < 0.05), but their SVIs were well maintained. These results indicate that albumin administration before XU may not always prevent post-XU hypotension. It caused a significant increase in right ventricular afterload and a significant dilation of the right ventricular cavity; however, right ventricular function was almost equally maintained in both groups. However, because SVI did not increase in some patients (Group 2) with the increase in right ventricular end-diastolic volume index after XU, albumin administration should be performed carefully before XU during AAAectomy. Implications: We studied the effects of albumin administration before aortic unclamping on pulmonary arterial and right ventricular responses during abdominal aortic aneurysmectomy using a modified thermodilution technique. Albumin administration before aortic unclamping may not always prevent hypotension, and it may cause a higher pulmonary arterial pressure than in patients without albumin administration.

(Anesth Analg 1998;87:1020-6)

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