Mucositis and Airway Obstruction in a Pediatric Patient

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Abstract

Pediatric patients undergoing induction regimens of chemotherapy may require intubation and mechanical ventilation either for respiratory failure or airway compromise as a complication of their therapy. We describe a case of difficult airway management resulting from pseudomembrane formation in a 16-yr-old girl. The patient was undergoing induction chemotherapy for stage IV rhabdomyosarcoma and developed severe mucositis that led to progressive airway obstruction.

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