Correlates of Asian American Emerging Adults’ Perceived Parent-Child Cultural Orientations: Testing a Bilinear and Bidimensional Model

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This study focused on how Asian Americans’ perceived parent-child cultural orientations were related to family conflicts, psychological distress, and life satisfaction. Using a bilinear and bidimensional model of cultural orientation, this study concurrently examined 4 domains of Asian American perceived parent-child cultural orientations: behavioral acculturation, values acculturation, behavioral enculturation, and values enculturation. Participants were 166 Asian American emerging adults who reported perceptions of their parents’ and their own cultural orientations. Perceived mother-child cultural gap in values enculturation was the most consistent predictor of negative outcomes. However, a combination of low levels of children’s and perceived maternal values acculturation was also associated with greater psychological distress. In addition, the correlates of perceived parent-child cultural orientations differed depending on the parent’s gender. These findings underscore the importance of concurrently assessing multiple domains of cultural orientations and distinguishing between fathers and mothers when examining similarities and differences in perceived parent-child cultural orientation levels.

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