Regulation of Endothelial Cell Tissue Factor Expression by Minimally Oxidized LDL and Lipopolysaccharide

    loading  Checking for direct PDF access through Ovid


Tissue factor (TF) is the predominant physiological initiator of coagulation, and its regulation is a critical aspect of endothelial cell hemostatic function. This report describes the regulation of TF mRNA expression by two physiological agonists: minimally oxidized low-density lipoprotein (MM-LDL), which may modulate endothelial hemostatic function in atherosclerosis, and lipopolysaccharide (LPS), which is a mediator of septic shock. Northern blot analysis of total RNA from human endothelial cells exposed to either MM-LDL or LPS for varying times showed that TF mRNA increased sharply at 1 hour, peaked at 2 to 3 hours, and declined to basal levels by 6 to 8 hours after treatment. The half-life of TF mRNA in MM-LDL- and LPS-exposed endothelial cells was approximately 45 minutes and 40 minutes, respectively. The rate of TF mRNA degradation was similar at 1 and 4 hours after exposure in either MM-LDL- or LPS-stimulated endothelial cells. Nuclear runoff transcription assays showed a significantly increased rate of TF gene transcription in both MM-LDL- and LPS-exposed endothelial cells. Cycloheximide inhibited the induction of TF protein activity, but it enhanced the accumulation of TF mRNA in MM-LDL- and LPS-induced endothelial cells. These results indicated that regulation of TF expression by MM-LDL and LPS in human endothelial cells occurs principally at the level of gene transcription.

Related Topics

    loading  Loading Related Articles