Effects of Local Geometry and Fluid Dynamics on Regional Platelet Depositionon Artificial Surfaces

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Abstract

An important aspect of blood-material interactions is the activation, adhesion, and subsequent aggregation of blood platelets on the artificial surface, all of which are directly affected by local fluid dynamics. The objective of this work was to directly correlate changing local fluid dynamic conditions produced by various vessel geometries, including stenosis, aneurysm, and separate contraction and expansion geometries, with quantitative in vitro measurements of regional platelet deposition. We directly measured platelet deposition as a function of axial position along four Lexan flow chambers with axisymmetric models of these geometries using '"In-labeled platelets. Platelet deposition was maximum in observed areas of flow recirculation and reattachment and minimum in locations of high shear and separation. For the stenosis geometry, two distinct regions of increased platelet deposition were apparent, one proximal to and one distal to the stenosis throat. An approximately linear increase in platelet densities was produced in the aneurysm region, increasing in the direction of flow. Through a comparison of platelet deposition with local fluid streamline orientation, we have shown that platelet deposition is increased in certain areas due to the enhanced convective transport of platelets and blood cells to the vessel wall along locally curved streamlines with velocity components perpendicular to the vessel wall.

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