Abstract To investigate the role in lipoprotein metabolism of lipoprotein lipase (LPL) secreted by tissues, we established two cell lines. Fusion plasmids containing either human LPL cDNA or antisense LPL cDNA under control of the cytomegalovirus promoter were transfected into Chinese hamster ovary (CHO) cells, designated as CHO-LPL and CHO-anti- LPL, respectively. CHO-LPL constitutively produced a high level of LPL, whereas CHO-anti-LPL produced a minimal level. When very-low-density lipoprotein (VLDL) was incubated with CHO-LPL, VLDL triglycerides were hydrolyzed, intermediate-density lipoprotein (IDL) was produced, and apolipoprotein E contents increased. CHO-LPL took up and degraded 125 I-VLDL at 37°C four times more strongly than did CHO-anti-LPL. Whereas the degradation of apolipoprotein E-deficient VLDL was only 12% that of normal VLDL in CHO-LPL, structural changes of the lipoprotein, including apolipoprotein E expression on the lipoprotein surface, may be important for the cellular uptake of VLDL. Furthermore, we found that binding at 4°C of VLDL and LDL to CHO-LPL was greater than to CHO-anti-LPL, and this binding difference was abolished by washing the cells with heparin. This suggests that cell surface LPL plays a role in the binding of lipoproteins to the cells. We conclude that both the composition of VLDL particles and their cellular binding are influenced by LPL secreted by cells, both of which may enhance the cellular uptake of VLDL.