Following a definitive diagnosis of the need for root canal treatment, the treatment planning stage should be straightforward if a logical sequence of decisionmaking is followed. Very few contra-indications exist for providing root canal treatment, but the planning must include several aspects. Firstly, is root canal treatment best for the patient to maintain a functional dentition long term? Secondly, who should provide the treatment? Thirdly, what are the restorative options that will ensure the best longterm prognosis? The sequencing of root canal treatment generally occurs early in a typical treatment plan, and prompt restoration after treatment is crucial to long-term survival of the tooth.