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1 The aim of the present study was to investigate the inhibitory effects of adenosine on the contractile force and chronotropic action of isolated right atrial preparations from streptozotocin (STZ)-diabetic rats.2 The rats were anaesthetized with diethyl ether and STZ (65 mg kg−1) was injected intravenously via the tail vein.3 Adenosine produced concentration-dependent decreases in the force of contraction and a negative chronotropic action of atria both in control and diabetic groups. The inhibition responses to adenosine were significantly higher in diabetic rat atria than control.4 Dypiridamole incubation caused a significant potentiation of the inhibitory effect of adenosine on contractile force and chronotropic action of atria in the control group, but not in the diabetic group. In the presence of dipyridamole, the inhibitory effects of adenosine on measured parameters in diabetic rats were not significantly different from those in control rats.5 These results suggested that atria from 6 weeks STZ-diabetic rats exhibited a supersensitivity to the negative inotropic and chronotropic effects of adenosine compared with atria from control rats because of an impairment in adenosine uptake mechanism. Altered sensitivity to effects of adenosine might reflect relatively early changes in the course of diabetes.