Glutathione S-transferase M1 polymorphism and breast cancer susceptibility: a meta-analysis involving 46,281 subjects

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Published data on the association between present/null polymorphism of glutathione S-transferase M1 (GSTM1) and breast cancer risk are inconclusive. To derive a more precise estimation of the relationship, a meta-analysis was performed. Medline, PubMed, Embase, and Web of Science were searched. Crude ORs with 95% CIs were used to assess the strength of association between the GSTM1 present/null polymorphism and breast cancer risk. The pooled ORs were performed for null versus present genotype. A total of 59 studies including 20,993 cases and 25,288 controls were involved in this meta-analysis. Overall, significantly elevated breast cancer risk was associated with null genotype when all studies were pooled into the meta-analysis (OR = 1.10, 95% CI = 1.04-1.16). In the subgroup analysis by ethnicity, significantly increased risks were found for Caucasians (OR = 1.05, 95% CI = 1.00-1.10) and Asians (OR = 1.21, 95% CI = 1.08-1.35). When stratified by population-based studies or hospital-based studies, statistically significantly elevated risks were found among population-based studies (OR = 1.11, 95% CI = 1.03-1.20). In the subgroup analysis by menopausal status, statistically significantly increased risks were found among postmenopausal women (OR = 1.15, 95% CI = 1.04-1.28). In conclusion, this meta-analysis suggests that the GSTM1 null genotype is a low-penetrant risk factor for developing breast cancer.

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