|| Checking for direct PDF access through Ovid
Epidemiological studies have evaluated the association between CYP17 MspA1 polymorphism and breast cancer risk. However, the results remain conflicting rather than conclusive. To derive a more precise estimation of the relationship, we performed this meta-analysis. Systematic searches of the PubMed and Medline databases were performed. A total of 35 studies including 22,090 cases and 28,498 controls were identified. Genotype distributions of CYP17 in the controls of all studies were in agreement with Hardy-Weinberg equilibrium (HWE) except for three studies. When all 35 studies were pooled into the meta-analysis, there was no evidence for significant association between CYP17 MspA1 polymorphism and breast cancer risk (for A1/A2 vs. A1/A1: OR = 1.00, 95% CI = 0.96-1.04; for A2/A2 vs. A1/A1: OR = 1.03, 95% CI = 0.97-1.08; for dominant model: OR = 1.01, 95% CI = 0.97-1.05; for recessive model: OR = 1.03, 95% CI = 0.98-1.08). In the subgroup analyses by ethnicity, menopausal status and source of controls, no significant associations were found in all genetic models. When sensitivity analyses were performed by excluding HWE-violating studies, all the results were not materially altered. In summary, the meta-analysis strongly suggests that CYP17 MspA1 polymorphism is not associated with increased breast cancer risk.