Influence of magnesium supplementation on movement side effects related to typical antipsychotic treatment in rats

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Chronic use of typical antipsychotic haloperidolis related to movement disturbances such as parkinsonism, akathisia and tardive dyskinesia which have been related to excitotoxicity in extrapyramidal brain areas, requiring their prevention and treatment. In the current study we evaluated the influence of the magnesium on prevention (for 28 days before-), reversion (for 12 days after-) and concomitant supplementation on haloperidol-induced movement disorders in rats. Sub-chronic haloperidol was related to orofacial dyskinesia (OD) and catalepsy development, increased generation of reactive species (RS) and levels of protein carbonyl (PC) in cortex, striatum and substantia nigra (SN) in all experimental protocols. When provided preventatively, Mg reduced the increase of OD and catalepsy time 14 and 7 days after haloperidol administration, respectively. When supplemented after haloperidol-induced OD establishment, Mg reversed this behavior after 12 days, while catalepsy was reversed after 6 days of Mg supplementation.When Mg was concomitantly supplemented with haloperidol administration, OD and catalepsy were prevented. Moreover, Mg supplementation was able to prevent the RS generation in both cortex and SN, reducing PC levels in all brain areas evaluated. When supplemented after haloperidol, Mg reversed RS generation in cortex and striatum, decreasing PC levels in SN and striatum.The co-administration of haloperidol and Mg supplementation prevented RS generation in cortex, striatum and SN, and PC levels in the SN.These outcomes indicate that Mg supplementation may be a useful alternative to prevent movement disturbances resulting of classic antipsychotic pharmacotherapy as haloperidol.

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