Resveratrol prevents cognitive deficits induced by chronic unpredictable mild stress: Sirt1/miR-134 signalling pathway regulates CREB/BDNF expression in hippocampus in vivo and in vitro

    loading  Checking for direct PDF access through Ovid

Abstract

Chronic unpredictable mild stress (CUMS) leads to neuropsychiatric disorders, such as depression, anxiety and cognitive impairment. Resveratrol is a natural polyphenol existed in polygonum cuspidatum and has been demonstrated to be a potent activator of Sirtuin 1 (Sirt1). Previous studies reported that resveratrol treatment ameliorated CUMS-induced depressive-like behavior and cognitive deficits through upregulating cAMP response element-binding protein (CREB) and brain derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) expression. However, the upstream signalling pathway mediating CREB/BDNF expression and then exerting a protective role on cognitive function remains unclear. The present study aims to investigate the possible mechanism of resveratrol on CUMS-induced cognitive deficits. Male Sprague Dawley rats were adminstrated resveratrol (40 and 80 mg/kg) every day for 4 consecutive weeks before exposure to CUMS procedure. Morris Water Maze test was used to appraise spatial learing and memory of rats. Sirt1/miR-134 signalling pathway and CREB/BDNF expression in hippocampus of rats were measured. We also explored Sirt1/miR-134 signalling pathway and CREB/BDNF expression in primary cultured hippocampus neurons with resveratrol (25, 50 and 100 μmol/L) treatment. We found that resveratrol treatment prevented spatial learing and memory impairment induced by CUMS. Meanwhile the potential mechanism of resveratrol was associated with increased levels of Sirt1, CREB phosphorylation (p-CREB), CREB, BDNF and decreased levels of miR-134 in vivo and in vitro. In conclusion, our study showed that the neuroprotective effect of resveratrol on CUMS-induced cognitive impairment may rely on activating Sirt1/miR-134 pathway and then upregulating its downstream CREB/BDNF expression in hippocampus.

Related Topics

    loading  Loading Related Articles