The abuse of amphetamine-type stimulants (ATS) has become a global public health issue in recent years, these new-type drugs can cause addiction and serious cognitive impairment. However, there are no effective methods for the prevention and treatment of ATS addiction at present. Repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation (rTMS) is a painless and non-invasive new therapeutic approach that has been used for the treatment of depression and other neuropsychiatric disorders, but whether it can be used to treat drug addiction is unclear. In the present study, we investigated the possible effects of rTMS on methamphetamine(METH)-induced conditioned place preference (CPP). High-frequency (10Hz) and low-frequency stimulation patterns (1Hz) were applied to test the effect of rTMS on METH-induced CPP. The results showed that low-frequency but not high-frequency rTMS could block METH-CPP, accompanied with a downregulation of gamma-aminobutyric acid type B receptor subunit 1 (GABABR1) expression in rat dorsolateral striatum. These results suggested that low-frequency rTMS could effectively inhibit the development of METH addiction and shed light on the rTMS as a potential approach for the prevention of drug addiction.