Psychosocial Predictors of Health Status Revisited

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A one-year prospective design was used to explore health care costs, claims, and job burnout in relation to the following predictors: work and life stress, social support, exercise, Type A behavior, and personal hardiness. Nowack's (1991) model guided the study. A sample of 260 working adults from two organizations participated. Bivariate correlational results suggested that stressful work events were positively related to health care costs and the number of claims filed. With regard to job burnout, (a) stress appeared positively related to personal accomplishment and (b) Type A behavior was associated with greater emotional exhaustion. Higher job satisfaction, social support, and Type A behavior were associated with an increased sense of personal accomplishment. Findings concerning objective health indicators are discussed in relation to previous results pertaining to self-reports of health/ illness.

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