Effects of cholecystokinin on taste preference and sensitivity in rats


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Abstract

Determined, in 3 experiments with 10 Long-Evans rats, that cholecystokinin octapeptide (CCK-8) reduced the amount consumed or the number of licks of several concentrations of sucrose in short-term tests with Ss that were hungry, satiated, or fed ad lib. The suppressive effect of CCK-8 was generally smaller in the hungry than in the satiated or ad-lib condition. In the satiated and ad-lib conditions, there was no effect of sucrose concentration on the magnitude of the CCK-8 effect. In hungry Ss, the concentration-intake function for sucrose was lowered and flattened by both CCK and natural satiety. To determine whether a taste change is involved in this short-term reduction of sucrose intake, integrated chorda tympani responses were measured before and after iv infusions of CCK-8 or NaCl. The peak response to .3 M sucrose significantly increased after 2 5-μg infusions of CCK-8. Peak and tonic responses to sucrose and saline tended to increase after CCK-8 but not NaCl infusions. Results suggest that CCK-8 reduces sucrose intake in situations in which postingestional factors are minimal and that sucrose concentration has little effect on the size of this suppression. A change in perceived taste intensity or quality may play a role in the inhibitory effect of CCK-8 on intake. (33 ref) (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2006 APA, all rights reserved)

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