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Rats with ablations of the gustatory neocortex (Experiment 1) and rats with olfactory bulb ablations (Experiment 2) were compared with normal rats for aversion generalization to both single taste solutions (sucrose, sodium chloride, quinine hydrochloride, hydrochloric acid) and compound taste solutions (pairs of the four single tastants) following alcohol aversion training. All rats acquired equal and strong alcohol aversions. Control rats showed consistent aversion generalization to both the sucrose + quinine and the sucrose + hydrochloric acid solutions; no significant generalization occurred to the single tastants except a weak generalization to sucrose in Experiment 2. Rats with gustatory neocortical ablations failed to show aversion generalization to any of the taste solutions. Rats with olfactory bulbectomies displayed the same aversion generalization functions as control rats but exhibited significantly faster extinction of the alcohol aversion than did the trained control rats. Results from the present experiments suggest that during alcohol aversion learning, rats lacking gustatory neocortex use odor cues (no taste generalization), whereas rats lacking olfactory bulbs utilize taste cues (normal taste generalization).